Nieuwe richtlijn Single Use Plastics (SUP) en nu?
Plastic waste in the sea (plastic soup) is an international problem. That is why the European Union (EU) wants to reduce single-use plastic and collect and recycle more plastic. A guideline has been drawn up for this: the European Single Used Plastic (SUP) guideline. This applies from 3 July 2021 and applies to all types of plastic. No distinction is made between oil-based plastics (such as HDPE or PS) and bio-based plastics (such as bio-PE or PLA).
Verboden om plastic wegwerpproducten en -verpakkingen te verstrekken
From July 3, it is prohibited to use beverage containers (including caps and lids), cigarette filters, cotton swabs, pouches and wrappers, hygiene products (wet wipes and sanitary towels), lightweight carrier bags, cutlery, plates, stirrers and straws, drinks cups, balloons( chopsticks), containers for foodstuffs and fishing gear.
Producenten verantwoordelijk voor zwerfafval
In addition, other measures have also been included for producers, such as encouraging consumption reduction, new product requirements, and applying marking regulations. Producers will also be responsible for (litter) waste from a number of their products. And they have to take care of, among other things, the collection, transport and processing of those plastic products.
Ook ondernemers krijgen met SUP te maken
Entrepreneurs who put plastic products for single use into circulation will also have to deal with this directive. Think of catering entrepreneurs, out-of-home chains, sports clubs, educational, healthcare and cultural institutions.
The government will provide consumers with information about reusable alternatives for these plastic products. And about options for good waste management (how to dispose of waste). Consumers also receive information about the impact of this plastic waste on the environment.
Other main measures from the SUP Directive:
- Vanaf 2024 moeten doppen en deksels vastzitten aan plastic flessen en drankverpakkingen. Zo worden ze automatisch ingeleverd voor recycling.
- Vanaf 2025 moeten PET-flessen voor minstens 25% uit gerecyclede kunststoffen bestaan. In 2030 moet dit minstens 30% zijn.
- Vanaf 2021 komt er een markeringsvoorschrift op hygiëneproducten (zoals vochtige doekjes, tampons en maandverband), tabaksproducten en drinkbekers. Hierop staat bij welk afval dit hoort (hoe af te danken). Ook staat er informatie op over de kunststoffen in het product en welk gevolg dit heeft op het milieu.
- In 2025 moet minimaal 77% van alle plastic drinkflessen tot 3 liter worden ingezameld. In 2029 moet dit minimaal 90% zijn.
Producten voor meermalig gebruik aanmoedigen
Disposable products for which there is as yet no alternative must be measurably reduced by the Member States by 2026. Member States should also encourage the use of reusable, reuse and recycling products. The products covered by these rules are collectively responsible for more than 70 percent of all marine litter in the seas and oceans.
Vermindering van gebruik realiseren
From 3 July 2021, there must be a prescription/marking on, among other things, drinking, beverage, paper and plastic cups. This marking is not a prohibition. The aim is to achieve a reduction in use and to dispose of it in the correct collection bin. A transition period applies to cups produced before 3 July and delivered after 3 July.
Ecomax aims to add a full range of bio-disposables – such as disposables made of wood and sugar cane – and environmentally friendly packaging made from renewable primary fibers – friendly to the environment and affordable – to the platform by the end of July. Conversations with stakeholders are ongoing.